Frequently Asked Gemstone Questions
NEVADA OUTBACK GEMS: FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT GEMSTONES
2. Where do Gemstones Actually Come from?
|Where On Our
Planet Are Gemstones Mined?
Because they are mineral products, gemstones are mined from from the earth. Gemstone deposits are present in both developed and undeveloped countries, but because of the costs associated with hand labor, gemstone deposits are more frequently worked in less developed countries. diamonds are principally mined in Australia and South Africa, but significant amounts are produced elsewhere around the globe. Up-and-coming new diamond deposits are being developed in Canada.
Colored stones are mined in a large number of places, with the largest producers being Brazil, parts of Asia (including Sri Lanka, Thailand and Burma), and several countries in East Africa (including Kenya and Tanzania). The world's most important opal deposits are found in Australia. The world's most important emerald deposits are found in Colombia. In my encyclopedia pages on each individual gemstone, there is a list of countries which have produced significant quantities of that gemstone.
|What Are the
Methods Used in Mining Gemstones?
Gemstones are removed from mines in the earth, sometimes in the hard rock where they were formed, but also sometimes in gravels where they concentrated after eroding out of the original host rock. Gems of one form or another occur worldwide wherever favorable geologic conditions lead to their formation. Although one may think of large mining operations as typical, many gemstone mines are operated on a small scale and can be as small as a normal-sized living room. Only diamond mines are commonly operated on a large scale. Most countries in which commercial deposits of colored gemstones are found are in developing nations or socialist countries in which entrepreneurial activities are not encouraged and potentially dangerous - where mechanized or high tech equipment is simply unobtainable. Gemstone mining throughout the world is actually more commonly conducted using primitive and small-scale methods. The vast majority of the colored gemstone production is produced by individual miners or small groups often using only picks, chisels, hammers, shovels and screens. This is one of the reasons why most gemstone deposits were not exhausted centuries ago. In Sri Lanka, for example, miners dig pits as deep as 50 feet in search of favorable layers of "illam", or gemstone-bearing gravels, tracing the courses of ancient (and long-buried) stream beds. Once a shaft is dug the illam is brought up in small buckets with a hand or oxen-powered winch. A week's production would scarcely fill a baby's playpen. This material is meticulously washed and screened to yield a handful of small pebbles, a few of which may turn out to be cuttable sapphire, chrysoberyl, garnet or other gemstone.
I want to see more About Gemstone Mines.
NEVADA OUTBACK GEMS
Nevada Outback Gems
|Find out more by checking out all of our links below:|
|Our Free Colored Gemstone Information Encyclopedia||Amethyst and Citrine info||Aquamarine information|
|What Really Is A Gemstone?||Apatite information||Chrysoberyl information|
|How are Gemstones Mined?||Diamond information||Emerald information|
|What About a Gemstone Makes it so Valuable?||Garnet information||Morganite information|
|What About Investing in Gemstones?||Opal information||Peridot information|
|Nevada Outback Library and Bookstore - Learn more!||Ruby information||Sapphire information|
|The Rockhound's Corner for Gem Hunting||Spinel information||Oregon Sunstone info|
|Take a virtual tour of our Nevada Turquoise mines||Tanzanite information||Topaz information|
|Rare Crystals and Gemstone Rough, including Turquoise||Tourmaline information||Tsavorite information|
|Natural Gold Nugget Photos: Big Nuggets, Crystal Gold||Turquoise information||Zircon information|
|Chris' Gold Prospecting Encyclopedia||Nevada Outback Gems Homepage||Nevada Outback Gems Site Map|